Arestin™ (minocycline HCl 1mg) microspheres is a treatment for chronic periodontitis, an infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss and may be linked to other serious diseases such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and diabetes. Arestin uses new microsphere technology to easily and effectively kill the germs that cause periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease (gum disease) occurs when bacteria builds up on your teeth under the gums, causing your gums to become red and swollen. This inflammation, if left untreated, eventually results in damage to the ligaments and bone which hold your teeth in place, forming pockets around your teeth.
As the disease progresses and these pockets become deeper, your teeth can become loose and fall out. Dentists and dental hygienists can tell how severe a patient's periodontitis is by measuring pocket depth and reviewing patient x-rays.
Arestin is an antibiotic and is administered locally, directly into the infected pockets between your teeth. A dentist or dental hygienist can administer Arestin after scaling and root planning, a common procedure used to treat periodontal disease. When used together with scaling and root planning,
Arestin significantly reduces the depth of infected pockets and helps prevent disease progression. A combined therapy of Arestin plus scaling and root planning is proven to be most effective at fighting periodontal disease than scaling and root planning alone. Arestin was shown to be particularly effective in the more difficult to treat patients such as smokers or people who have cardiovascular disease.